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Archives for Importação

Import of chemical products rises 10.2% in September, points out Abiquim

Import of chemical products rises 10.2% in September, points out Abiquim

Imports of chemical products had a considerable increase in September, 10.2% compared to August, and reached US$ 3.7 billion, according to a foreign trade report by the Brazilian Chemical Industry Association (Abiquim). At the same time, exports had a slight increase, of 1.5% on the same comparative basis, to US$ 871.4 million.

The most imported chemical products continue to be intermediaries for fertilizers, with foreign purchases of US$ 716.7 million, an increase of 11.1% compared to August. Thermoplastic resins were the most exported items, with US$ 103.5 million, with a drop of 13.4% compared to the immediately previous month.

According to the organization, from January to September, chemical imports totaled US$ 30.3 billion, with a drop of 9%. Exports, on the other hand, fell 14.8%, to US$ 8.3 billion.

In volume, however, imports until September were a record, with more than 37 million tons. This is equivalent to an increase of 6.9% compared to the same period last year — the 34.6 million tons of that period corresponded to the previous record.

According to Abiquim, the average price of imports dropped 14.9%, while exports fell by 19.7%, reflecting the industry's trade deficit. In nine months, the negative balance was US$ 22 billion, down 6.7%.

In the 12 months to September, however, the deficit reached US$ 30 billion, “validating month after month the expectations that, despite the serious economic impacts of the covid-19 pandemic, the indicator will not, until the end of the year, be far below the results of recent years, with negative balances of US$ 29.6 billion in 2018 and US$ 31.6 billion in 2019”, according to Abiquim.

In a statement, the organisation's chief executive, Ciro Marino, says that the recent recovery in economic activity signals that the worst moment of the crisis seems to be behind us. The situation, however, is still challenging.

"If some competitive challenges can be quickly overcome, such as the regulation of the new gas market and the rebalancing of the international agenda, with trade policies based on trade facilitation, international cooperation, competitiveness and legal security of the trade defense system, we have all the potential to, in the short term, expand the use of installed capacity and continue to maintain the guarantee of full availability to meet domestic demand with national manufacturing”, he says.

Source: http://www.brainmarket.com.br/2020/10/20/importacao-de-produtos-quimicos-sobe-102-em-setembro-aponta-abiquim/

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Brazil's surplus with China totals R $ US $ 28.8 billion from January to September, says FGV

Brazil's surplus with China totals R $ US $ 28.8 billion from January to September, says FGV

China was responsible for 68% of the Brazilian trade balance accumulated from January to September 2020. Brazil's surplus with China was US$ 28.8 billion in the period. The data are from the Foreign Trade Indicator (Icomex) released by the Getúlio Vargas Foundation (FGV).

The volume exported by Brazil grew 0.4% from January to September 2020, compared to the same period last year. The volume imported in the period dropped 8.1%. Compared to September 2019, exports dropped 4.0% in volume in September this year, while imports shrank 18.7%.

"The sharp devaluation of the real effective exchange rate helps to contain imports and makes the prices of Brazilian products in foreign trade cheaper," pointed out the FGV, in a note.

However, the strong devaluation of the Brazilian currency against the dollar also increases the costs of sectors that use imported inputs and components, such as the automotive and electronics segment.

“A agricultura é também onerada em termos de seus insumos; no entanto, o peso dos importados para este setor é menor e a demanda chinesa tem assegurado o crescimento das nossas exportações. Outra questão relevante é como os operadores de comércio exterior estão analisando a desvalorização. Comércio exterior exige um olhar que vai além do curto prazo. Nesse contexto, mesmo com a forte desvalorização do real, os exportadores e importadores tendem a ser mais cautelosos e podem estar adiando decisões, como, por exemplo, a substituição de fornecedores estrangeiros por domésticos”, completou a FGV.

Source: https://www.istoedinheiro.com.br/superavit-do-brasil-com-china-soma-r-us-288-bi-de-janeiro-a-setembro-16/

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Government resets corn and soybean import tariffs by Q1 2021

Government zeroes import tariffs for corn and soybeans until 1st quarter of 2021

The Brazilian government has zeroed until the first quarter of next year its import tariffs on corn and the soy complex, according to a note published on the Ministry of Economy website this Saturday.

According to the text of the folder, the decision was taken on Friday. The Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Supply proposed a zero tax rate for soy, while the economy asked for a zero tax rate for corn.

“Ambas as medidas têm como motivação conter a alta de preços no setor de alimentos”, disse a nota no site do Ministério da Economia. A redução para o complexo soja será válida até 15 de janeiro de 2021. O corte de 8% para zero na taxa de importação do milho permanecerá em vigor até 31 de março de 2021.

Na quinta-feira, a Reuters já havia adiantado a possibilidade de o governo não tarifar a importação de milho e soja originários de países de fora do Mercosul. O movimento, alvo de análises em meio a preços recordes no mercado interno para ambos os produtos, foi decidido na sexta-feira em reunião do Comitê Executivo de Gestão (Gecex) da Câmara de Comércio Exterior (Camex), ligada ao Ministério da Economia.

“Havia diversas posições na mesa e levou-se em consideração o período de safra e oferta”, disse uma fonte à Reuters antes da confirmação pelo governo da decisão. “Não houve questionamento quanto ao mérito da isenção de tarifa. A oferta tinha que ser ampliada para reduzir preços e custos”, acrescentou. O pedido de isenção das importações foi protocolado no mês passado e reiterado na última semana pela Associação Brasileira de Proteína Animal (ABPA), que representa os setores de avicultura e suinocultura do Brasil.

A indústria utiliza o cereal e o farelo de soja como os principais insumos para alimentação animal e tem as margens afetadas pelo aumento de custos com esses grãos. O Ministério da Agricultura, Pecuária e Abastecimento (Mapa) havia dito no final de agosto que estava em avaliação a possibilidade de isentar temporariamente a Tarifa Externa Comum (TEC) de importação de arroz, milho e soja de países não membros do Mercosul para equilibrar o mercado doméstico e evitar novos aumentos de preços.

No início de setembro, o comitê executivo da Camex aprovou a zeragem da alíquota de importação de arroz até o final do ano, em meio à disparada dos valores do produto no Brasil, após aumento na demanda interna durante a pandemia e exportações aquecidas. Na ocasião, no entanto, não houve nenhuma decisão sobre milho e soja. O mês de março é período em que a safra brasileira de verão já estará colhida e cresce a disponibilidade de oferta doméstica.

O presidente Jair Bolsonaro disse no último sábado que iria se reunir com produtores de soja para discutir o preço da oleaginosa, dias após a cotação do produto ter renovado máxima histórica no Brasil em função do atual ajuste na oferta. Ao longo do ano, um dólar favorável para exportação, aliado à firme demanda externa, elevou os volumes de embarques da soja do Brasil, que podem chegar a 82 milhões de toneladas, ampliando a necessidade de importação para atender a indústria local. O preço da soja no porto de Paranaguá, um dos referenciais do país, está a R$ 157,66 por saca, perto de máxima histórica de R$ 159,88 de 8 de outubro, segundo o centro de estudos Cepea. Já as cotações do milho estão em máximas nominais de R$ 69,53 por saca, também de acordo com a instituição.

Source: https://economia.uol.com.br/noticias/reuters/2020/10/17/governo-decide-zerar-tarifas-de-importacao-de-milho-e-soja-de-fora-do-mercosul-ate-1-tri-de-2021-diz-fonte.htm

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Importações e exportações da China têm forte alta com reabertura da economia global

Importações e exportações da China têm forte alta com reabertura da economia global

Resultado de setembro sugere que país está se recuperando rapidamente do impacto da pandemia sobre o comércio exterior.

As importações da China cresceram em seu ritmo mais rápido este ano em setembro, enquanto as exportações aumentaram fortemente à medida que mais parceiros comerciais suspenderam restrições relacionadas ao coronavírus em um impulso adicional à segunda maior economia do mundo.

As exportações em setembro aumentaram 9,9% em relação a setembro do ano anterior, mostraram dados alfandegários na terça-feira, em linha com as expectativas dos analistas e acima de um sólido aumento de 9,5% em agosto.

O forte desempenho do comércio sugere que os exportadores chineses estão se recuperando rapidamente do impacto da pandemia sobre as encomendas do exterior.

À medida que a economia global retoma, as empresas chinesas estão correndo para conquistar participação de mercado, enquanto suas rivais lutam contra a redução da capacidade de produção.

“O panorama geral é que os embarques continuam fortes, com a redução da demanda por produtos relacionados à Covid-19, como máscaras faciais, sendo em grande parte compensada por uma recuperação na demanda mais ampla por bens de consumo chineses”, disse o economista sênior da Capital Economics, Julian Evans-Pritchard disse.

“Um salto nas importações sugere que os gastos com investimento doméstico continuam fortes.”

As importações aumentaram 13,2% em setembro, bem acima das expectativas de alta de 0,3% e após uma queda de 2,1% em agosto. A força das importações foi ampla para quase todos os principais parceiros comerciais da China.

Source: https://g1.globo.com/economia/noticia/2020/10/13/importacoes-e-exportacoes-da-china-tem-forte-alta-com-reabertura-da-economia-global.ghtml

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Chinese industry becomes synonymous with safety and excellence for the production of Brazilian companies

Chinese industry becomes synonymous with safety and excellence for the production of Brazilian companies

CuritibaBrazil exported US $ 47.3 billion to China between January and August 2020 - in the same period, imports from the Asian country were US $ 21.7 billion. Figures that make China the main trading partner of Brazil. Historically, Brazil exports agricultural products and imports parts to be assembled in Brazilian factories or various manufactured products.

The use of excellent Chinese production is a way found for decades by Brazilian companies to offer products with extremely high quality indexes and competitive prices.

For many years, the import of raw materials and products from China was interpreted as synonymous with cheap, low-quality products. But this is not the current reality. The world's leading companies, including brands with products for the most luxurious market, such as Apple, use Chinese factories due to the country's production and labor costs, which make the process cheaper than in other places.

Leader of the motorcycle parts market in Latin America, Paraná Laquila has been operating for more than three decades in partnership with Chinese factories. Initially, some of the company's products suffered with certain distrust and prejudice from the market, but state-of-the-art procedures established quality control processes in favor of the safety of products developed and sold by its 25 own brands, among them GP7, KMP and WW3, and 16 representations.

“In the past, it was thought that the bad quality was from China, while the good one came from Taiwan. All the good technology from Taiwan is in China now. We have suppliers who were from Taiwan and migrated to China, because the economic environment is cheaper ”, comments Laquila's Commercial Support manager, Iael Trosman.

“This is a movement that has been going on for 30 years, with a view to gaining a competitive advantage within the market. And, in the end, it ends up being good for everyone ”, complements.

For Iael, the expertise in the market added to the knowledge of partners from the eastern country (both the factories themselves and companies that monitor the processes) guarantee the total quality of the imported products.

“In our experience, the contracts with these suppliers are well tied, ensuring that the delivery is within the quality parameters that we have established, always thinking about the safety and reliability of the products”, he says. Iael reports that the company conducts annual inspections and visits without prior scheduling to carry out the verification and selection of partner factories.

“At meetings, we follow the manufacturing process as a whole, which says a lot about each supplier's products. It is possible to find different levels of quality in China, so we need to know the local factories and their internal quality control well to choose the right partners and guarantee the required parameters ”, completa Iael.

(*) With information from Laquila

Source: https://www.comexdobrasil.com/industria-chinesa-vira-sinonimo-de-seguranca-e-excelencia-para-a-producao-de-empresas-brasileiras/

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Foreign Trade Chamber included vaccines against Covid-19 and manufacturing inputs in the list of products with zero tariffs.

Government decides to zero import tariff for inputs and vaccines against Covid-19

The Chamber of Foreign Trade also extended, until the end of October, zero tariffs for the import of 562 items. Vaccines are still being studied in the world; government predicts distribution in 2021.

The Foreign Trade Chamber (Camex) of the Ministry of Economy decided on this Thursday (17th) to include vaccines against Covid-19 and the inputs for manufacturing vaccines in the list of products with zero import tariffs.

The decision was published in the “Diário Oficial da União” and is valid until the end of October, but can be renewed.

Vaccines against the new coronavirus are still being studied in several countries around the world, including England, China, United States, Russia e Brazil (click on the country name to find out more details about the studies).

According to the director of the Butantan Institute, Dimas Covas, the institute will receive this year 15 million doses of the vaccine Chinese CoronaVac.

The release for use of the vaccine in the population, however, will depend on the result of clinical tests and the approval of the National Health Surveillance Agency (Anvisa).

In the case of the vaccine developed by the University of Oxfordin the United Kingdom, the Ministry of Health predicts that distribution will take place in January 2021.

Coronavirus products

In addition to including vaccines against Covid-19 in the list of products with zero tariffs, Camex also decided to extend, from the end of September to the end of October, the import tax zeroed for 562 products used to prevent and combat the coronavirus .

According to the Ministry of Economy, the list includes medicines and medical and hospital products as well as inputs, as well as components and accessories used in the manufacture and operation of items used during the pandemic of the new coronavirus.

“The objective of the measure is to increase the supply of goods destined to fight the pandemic, in addition to machines and inputs used in the national manufacture of these products. In this way, the government is increasing availability and decreasing costs for the Brazilian health system ”, added the government.

Source: https://g1.globo.com/economia/noticia/2020/09/17/coronavirus-governo-decide-zerar-tarifa-de-importacao-para-insumos-e-vacinas.ghtml

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Government studying withdrawing import tariffs on rice, soy and corn

Government studying withdrawing import tariffs on rice, soy and corn

The Ministry of Agriculture stated that it is considering the possibility of requesting the temporary inclusion of rice, corn and soy in the list of exceptions to the Common External Tariff (LETEC). The objective is to balance the domestic market and curb the increase in prices for basic food basket products.

The measure is under discussion at the Ministry of Agriculture and should be taken to the Foreign Trade Chamber (Camex), structured by the portfolio and by ministries such as Economy and Foreign Affairs.

The proposal has not yet been formalized and requires a prior request from the private sector. In the case of rice, this request has already been made. It is noteworthy that the import rate for countries outside Mercosur is 12% for rice and 8% for soybeans and corn.

Once approved, the request will be adopted on a preventive basis. According to the folder, in September the media should enter the agenda of the Executive Management Committee (GECEX), Camex's executive collegiate nucleus.

Source: https://sagresonline.com.br/governo-estuda-retirar-tarifas-de-importacao-de-arroz-soja-e-milho/

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